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Published By Lankelma

Lankelma is the foremost contractor for onshore in-situ soil testing in the UK. An acknowledged specialist in CPT, Lankelma also offers a worldwide consultancy and training service.

A.P. van den Berg develops, designs and manufactures geotechnical and environmental soil investigation equipment for onshore and offshore applications. Specialists in CPT systems and equipment.


Gardline Geosciences offers worldwide marine geotechnics, in-house consutancy and services with marine investigations ranging from nearshore to full ocean depth (down to 3000m).

About the Author

Hans Brouwer studied civil engineering at Delft University in The Netherlands. He has worked as a part-time lecturer at Amsterdam Polytechnic and was senior partner in a structural engineering consultancy. He has written a standard textbook in Dutch about the design of building foundations. He now lives in England where he writes technical textbooks in English, hopefully to reach a bigger readership.

Chapter 9

Near-shore marine testing

Near-shore marine environment


Traditionally, the near-shore marine environment was defined as water up to 3 km from the coastline and less than 25 m deep. Although still true, progress in the design of plant and equipment since the mid-1990s has blurred the distinction between near-shore and offshore, with offshore equipment now being used in the near-shore environment. In general, the following environments can be also considered as nearshore.

  • Lakes, canals, rivers and estuaries
  • Intertidal mudflats and salt marshes
  • Ports and harbours.

The following sections detail the variety of test plant, equipment and methods that can be used within these environments. 

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